The Impact of Social Media on Society

The Impact of Social Media on Society

Introduction

Social media sites have taken over our lives. If we look that 10 years ago had no Facebook, Twitter, WhatsApp and Skype as much popular. Before 10 years ago people were waiting to hear from other people because there was no social media. Social media has absolutely made us close to each other as well to other part of the world. Social media has greatly impacted our culture, business, health, politics, socialization as well as negative impacts on cyber oppression and privacy.

Positive impacts

Firstly, we talk about communication, we can contact any person at anytime and anywhere around the word, just within seconds. These networks not only allow communication between friends, but allow you to meet new people. We can also share some photos and videos, from what we enjoy in our life. We can do communication between people and business. They are dealing between the two customers, they tell brands accurately what they want. Then business use this all information to production department, how to produce product. The companies are using social media to marketing their products and collect customer. They take feedback and communicate on social media for ways to improve the business and understand the market polices. Many companies arrange function and give awards to good customer, they are often visiting their social website page. Social media business marketing is very cheap as compare to television and other media. Now a days every politician use social media for reaching out to people at election time and give information about our party.

Negative impacts

For every positive things have some negative impacts. Many people have lots of friends on Facebook, Twitter and WhatsApp but they never communicate face to face. If we see in public place every one use mobile and tablets.  If you are not attention person, someone spread private pictures and videos, and damaging human character. So many small children use social networking, it has become easier to target one another write hate speech on Facebook. Manly young girls and women can fall to bullying, but we can do legal action against the attacker. May companies have blocked social networks on their office because of many people are addicted to internet and they can do work proper way. Survey says number of companies lost billions of dollars every year because of only social media addiction employees. May people creates social violence between two religions through social media. While people spend all time on the internet, and they are sending online massages, talk on the mobile as well as video calling. This all impacts on face to face communication, people less time meeting face to face they are not physical presence.

Conclusion

Social Media has deeply affected our daily lives. It is impossible to imagine our lives without technology. We are so addicted with our gadgets that we often forget the importance of real life relationships. Social Media has helped the society grow and make the world very small.

References

http://www.seochat.com/c/a/social/social-media-and-society-the-good-the-bad-and-the-ugly/

http://www.business2community.com/social-media/impact-social-media-truly-society-0974685

http://www.teenink.com/nonfiction/academic/article/485925/The-Effects-of-Social-Networking-upon-Society/

http://www.technocrazed.com/top-10-negative-effects-of-social-media-on-children-and-teenagers

http://www.debate.org/opinions/social-networking-has-a-negative-effect-to-face-to-face-relationships

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Reuse of Plastic Bottles in Building Houses

Reuse of Plastic Bottles in Building Houses

 

Contents

  • Executive Summary
  • Introduction
  • Research

Primary methodology

Secondary methodology

  • Findings
  • Recommendation
  • Conclusion
  • Appendices
  • References

1.1 Executive Summary:-

Today, the management of plastic waste has become one of the most challenging problems in our society. This report provides an overview of the reusing of plastic bottles to make residential houses and household items which are more eco-friendly and helping to improve environmental problems and moreover the money spent on recycling can be saved by reusing. In this report we did research by visiting the landfill and recycling centre and came to know that only 8% of the plastic bottles are reused. In addition, we did survey on the idea and interest of the houses made of plastic bottles, and the results were outstanding. Therefore, we highly recommend for houses made by plastic bottles which are eco-friendly and more reliable.

1.2 Introduction:-

According to the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency), plastics make up more than 12 percent of the municipal solid waste stream, “a dramatic increase from 1960, when plastics were less than one percent of the waste stream.” US residents are buying more plastic, and only about 8 percent of it gets recycled. Ineffective or irrespon­sible disposal of this waste can pollute the environment and pose a public health risk. We are running out of space in existing landfills. While “recycle” may be a buzzword for an en­vironmentally friendly way to manage waste, a more comprehensive approach to doing so is summarized by the “Three Rs”:

  • Reduce: Buy only what you need because a better way to reduce waste is by not creating it.
  • Reuse: If you have to acquire goods, try getting used ones or obtaining substitutes.
  • Recycle: When discarding your waste, find ways to recycle it instead of letting it go to landfill.

(Fahzy Abdul-Rahman, 2014, Reduce, Reuse, Recycle: Alternatives for Waste Management, Las Cruces, NM)

(Fahzy Abdul-Rahman, 2014, Reduce, Reuse, Recycle: Alternatives for Waste Management, Las Cruces, NM)

The trouble with plastic recycling is that it is very inefficient. When you recycle plastic, you always end up with a lower-grade plastic. It is more like down cycling than recycling. That is why reusing plastic is so important, if it cannot avoid the stuff. Rather than send the used plastic bottles through the waste stream, it can be reuse.

For Example, Nigeria’s first house built from discarded plastic bottles is proving a tourist attraction in the village of Yelwa. (BBC News, 9 Nov 2011, Nigeria’s plastic bottle house, available at:-  http://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-14722179) Hundreds of people – including government officials and traditional leaders have been coming to see how the walls are built in the round architectural shape popular in northern Nigeria.

Figure 1: boredpanda, 22 July 2014, 23 Creative Ways To Reuse Old Plastic Bottles, available at:- http://www.boredpanda.com/plastic-bottle-recycling-ideas

The bottles, packed with sand, are placed on their side, one on top of the other and bound together with mud. It is difficult to think of a bottle as a brick. But a sand-filled bottle is stronger than brick and whatever you can do with a brick, you can do with a bottle.

Figure 2: boredpanda, 22 July 2014, 23 Creative Ways To Reuse Old Plastic Bottles, available at:- http://www.boredpanda.com/plastic-bottle-recycling-ideas

In addition, it has got lots of advantages too like these houses are fire resistant, earthquake resistant, bullet proof, sand filled bottles is very good insulator in case of winters and summers, and many more. After this plastics bottles can be reuse in making different house hold items also like,

Figure 3: boredpanda, 22 July 2014, 23 Creative Ways To Reuse Old Plastic Bottles, available at:- http://www.boredpanda.com/plastic-bottle-recycling-ideas

Figure 4: boredpanda, 22 July 2014, 23 Creative Ways To Reuse Old Plastic Bottles, available at:- http://www.boredpanda.com/plastic-bottle-recycling-ideas

Figure 5: boredpanda, 22 July 2014, 23 Creative Ways To Reuse Old Plastic Bottles, available at:- http://www.boredpanda.com/plastic-bottle-recycling-ideas

  

1.3 Research:-

 

  • Primary methodology :

We have conducted Primary survey by visiting the landfill and recycling centre (South Dublin County Council Ballymount Ave, Dublin on 3rd August 2015). We chose this method of research because landfill and recycling centre are the location where we can get the proper information of plastics bottles disposal. In addition we conducted face to face survey with 30 people of different age group. We questioned about the reuse of plastic bottles and further more got the opinions regarding the houses made of plastic bottles.

  • Secondary methodology :

We took information from the various websites regarding the reusing of plastic bottles and houses made of plastic bottles.

and in our research we also took information from the various books regarding the reusing of plastic bottles and houses made of plastic bottles:-

  • Waste, Recycling and Reuse,by Sally Morgan.
  • Waste Management Practices: Municipal, Hazardous, and Industrial, Second Edition, by John Pichtel(page 153)
  • Waste Management and Resource Recovery, by Charles R. Rhyner, Leander J. Schwartz, Robert B. Wenger, Mary G. Kohrell(Page 11 &12)
  • Biopolymers: Reuse, Recycling, and Disposal, by Michael Niaounakis (Page 275)

1.4 Findings:-

In landfill and recycling centre we find out that 72% of plastic bottles are landfilled, only 20% of the plastic bottles are recycled and only 8% of them are reused. As per our primary survey from four age group, those were under 18, 18-24, 24-35, 35-50, above 50. Out of which maximum response was from 18 to 35 age group. According to the survey only 3% people reuse the plastic bottles in home usage and 82% people responded positive for showing interest in these houses. In addition, after knowing the advantage of these houses 89% of people were agreed in living in them.

However, 40% of the people were curios on the stability of these houses.

We find out many articles and pictures from the internet and books of various house hold items made by plastic bottles like chandelier, lamp, parking canopy etc.

1.5 Recommendation:-

         

This project enabled us to look at all important aspects of use of plastics, and their impact on various facets of life. Therefore, if traditional plastics can be replaced in every possible field, then, the lingering issue of plastic waste and threats they seem to pose will be resolved. Also, as much as the use of plastics is reduced by introducing papers or other less harmful alternatives, the better our environment will be in the coming years.

Thus, we recommend for these houses which is eco-friendly and more reliable and that too it has lots of advantages like these houses are fire resistant, earthquake resistant, sand filled bottles is very good insulator in case of winters and summers, bullet proof and many more. 

 

1.6 Conclusion:-

          Plastic takes up large part of day to day routine life, from plastics used for furniture, electronics, to small households needs like containers and grocery bags. Since plastic first became accessible to consumers, it became widely used, due to the advantages it provides, such as lightweight, durability and its capability to mould into any products with chemicals and additives. It seems even serious if we think about the future generation that has to deal with uninterruptedly growing amount of plastic waste accrued in the environment. Based on all of the information we gathered and comparisons we have made, we determined that there is no one best alternative to the plastics problem we have, but different solutions should be combined for the best result, for example biodegradable plastic.

This project enabled us to look at all important aspects of use of plastics, and their impacts on various facets of life. Therefore, if traditional plastics can be replaced in every possible field, then, the lingering issue of plastic waste and threats they seem to pose will be resolved. Also, as much as the use of plastics is reduced by introducing papers or other less harmful alternatives, the better our environment will be in the coming years.

1.7 Appendix:-

Qus1:- What is your age?

 Under 18

 18-24

 25-34

 35-50

 50 above

Qus 2:- How many PET bottles do you use in a week?

 0-3

 4-7

 Above 8

Qus 3:- Do you reuse the empty bottles?

 No

 Yes

If yes then how ?

Qus4:- Would you be interested in houses made by plastic bottles?

 Yes

 No

Qus5:-views of made in houses of plastic bottles.

 Excellent

 Good

 Bad

Qus6:-would you be interested in living these houses?

 Yes

 No

Qus7:-Your primary concern of these houses?

 Prise

 Stability

 Government approved

 Flexibility

1.8 References:-

 

The Internet:-

Book references:-

  • Waste, Recycling and Reuse,by Sally Morgan.
  • Waste Management Practices: Municipal, Hazardous, and Industrial, Second Edition, by John Pichtel(page 153)
  • Waste Management and Resource Recovery, by Charles R. Rhyner, Leander J. Schwartz, Robert B. Wenger, Mary G. Kohrell(Page 11 &12)
  • Biopolymers: Reuse, Recycling, and Disposal, by Michael Niaounakis (Page 275)

5 7 6 4 3 2 1

Project risk management

Project risk management

Risk means, “An uncertain event or condition that, if it occurs, has a positive or negative affect on a project objective”. Your project’s success depends on thorough planning that includes possibilities for your project budget and schedule.

The benefits of project risk management

Our risk management provides you with innovative solution, you designed to significantly improve your profit.

  • Determine your contingency and budget requirements at any time
  • Accurately assess your cash draw-down requirements
  • Minimise production costs
  • Instigate reduced insurance costs

Types of risk management

  1. Technical Risks:

Incomplete Design

Inadequate specification

Inadequate site investigation

Change in scope

Construction procedures

Insufficient resource availability

  1. Construction Risks:

Labour productivity

Labour disputes

Site condition

Equipment failures

Design changes

Too high quality standard

New technology

  1. Physical Risks:

Damage to structure

Damage to equipment

Labour injuries

Equipment and material fire and theft

  1. Organisational Risks

Contractual relations

Contractor’s experience

Attitudes of participants

Inexperienced work force

Communication

 

  1. Financial Risks

Increased material cost

Low market demand

Exchange rate fluctuation

Payment delays

Improper estimation

Taxes

  1. Socio-political Risks

Changes in laws and regulations

Pollution and safety rules

Bribery/Corruption

Language/Cultural barrier

Law and order

War and civil disorder

Requirement for permits and their approval

  1. Environmental Risks

Natural Disasters

Weather Implications

 

 Risk Response Planning

Risk Transfer

Transferring risk involves finding some other party who is willing to accept responsibility for          its management, and who will bear the liability of the risk should it occur. Transferring risk can be an effective way to deal with financial risk exposure. The aim is to ensure that the risk is owned and managed by the party best able to deal with it effectively.

Risk Mitigation/Reduction

Risk mitigation reduces the probability and or impact of an adverse risk event to an acceptable threshold. Taking early action to reduce the probability and/or impact of a risk is often more effective than attempting to repair the damage after the risk has passed.

Risk Exploit

Eliminate the uncertainty associated with a particular upside risk.

Risk Share

Transferring threats and sharing opportunities are similar in that a third party is used, those to whom the threats are transferred take on the liability and those to whom opportunities are allocated should also be allowed to share in the potential benefits

Risk Enhance

This response aims to alter the “size” of the positive risk. Seeking to facilitate or strengthen the cause of the opportunity, and proactively targeting and reinforcing its trigger conditions.

Risk Acceptance

Ultimately it is not possible to eliminate all threats or take advantage of all opportunities – we can document them and at least provide awareness that these exist and have been identified, some term this „passive acceptance.